In scientific literature the term “Baltic region” is often used in either of two meanings: as the geographical region around the Baltic Sea; and as a cultural region of the Balts.
This conference theme on the Archaeology of the Baltic Region seeks interconnections of both meanings of the term “Baltic”. The remains of material culture and toponymical forms demonstrate that the influence of the Baltic cultures covered the territories from contemporary Moscow to the Oder river, and from contemporary Latvia to the Ukraine and overlaps with geographical region around the Baltic Sea. Cultural and technological interactions between these two regions were important factors in the formation of Northern, Eastern and Central Europe throughout the period of the 2nd millennium BC to the 16th century AD. However, various roles played by different cultures in the development of the region remain problematic, and were heavily influenced by the nationalistic narratives of the 20th century.
Fundamental questions about the formation of the both ”Baltic regions”, the interconnections between Baltic, Slavic, Fino-Ugric, Germanic cultures and the rest of Europe; the impact on formation of medieval Lithuanian, Russian, Polish, German, and Swedish states will be discussed in this theme.
This theme is dedicated to Maria Gimbutas (1921-1994), the world-renowned Lithuanian scholar who contributed immensely to the studies of the Balts as a part of the wider Indo-European phenomenon of the “Old Europe”.
SESSIONS FOR THIS THEME